Cuba, ONU

Cuba condemns unilateral and opportunistic reinterpretations of the Charter of the United Nations

New York, 18 February 2020.- Cuban Second Secretary Indira Guardia González, representative of the Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations, participated in the discussion of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, where she reaffirmed the current significance of the Committee, at a time where some countries seek to impose reinterpretations of the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, in order to promote interventionist political agendas to the detriment of the integrity and sovereignty of developing countries.

The Cuban diplomat explained that the Committee is the environment for proposing recommendations that foster the implementation of all the provisions contained in the Charter and to ensure that all Member States and bodies of the United Nations comply with its principles and purposes. Therefore, she stated, the Committee should remain open to inclusive and transparent debate for every proposal of resolution, decision or action by the bodies of the United Nations when they have implications for the compliance and implementation of its constitutional Charter.

Cuba supports the strengthening of the leading role of the General Assembly in its capacity as the main policymaking, deliberative and most representative body of the United Nations.

(Cubaminrex-Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations)

More information :

Statement by the delegation of Cuba at the Special Committee on the United Nations Charter and on the strengthening of the role of the organization. New York, 18 February 2020

Mr. President,

The delegation of Cuba congratulates the members of the Bureau and is pleased to see you presiding over this meeting. You can count on our support for conducting this session successfully.

We also appreciate the hard work of the Secretariat in preparing the documentation and for supporting the organization of these sessions.

The delegation of Cuba endorses the statement delivered by the Islamic Republic of Iran on behalf of NAM.

We also appreciate the presentation of the Secretary-General's reports and support the work of the Special Committee on the Charter and its agenda. In that regard, we are pleased to have worked together with the Chair of the Committee and the Member States in favor of the mandate of Resolution 3349 (XXIX) of the General Assembly, which, as we know, gave rise to this Committee.

The significance of this Committee is underpinned within an international context in which some countries repeatedly attempt to impose reinterpretations of the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations in order to promote interventionist political agendas, which are detrimental to the integrity and sovereignty of developing countries.

Mr. President:

We are in the ideal setting to interpret or negotiate any amendment to the Charter of the United Nations, including those arising from the Organization´s current reform process, and to exchange about the best practices in its sound implementation. The Committee is, at the same time, the framework for putting forward those recommendations that will favor the implementation of all the provisions contained in the Charter and ensure that all Member States and United Nations organs act in accordance with its principles and purposes.

Accordingly, the Committee must remain open to inclusive and transparent discussion on any draft resolution, decision or action taken by United Nations bodies when these have implications for the compliance with and implementation of its founding Charter.

Cuba supports the strengthening of the governing role of the General Assembly in its capacity as the main regulatory, deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations.

Mr. President:                                                                                                                                                                                                                
The briefing offered last year under agenda item "Report of the Secretary-General on implementation of the provisions of the Charter related to assistance to third States affected by the application of sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter" was a positive element of the Committee's work. In this regard, we appreciate the updated information furnished by the representative of the Department of Political Affairs on the document entitled "Introduction and implementation of sanctions imposed by the United Nations".

Such exchanges are very useful and help to enhance the transparency and credibility of the Organization's work.

Mr. President:

Every year, we witness attempts to disregard, reinterpret and selectively apply the provisions of the Charter according to what is most suitable to the political agendas of some countries, in blatant disrespect for the principles of International Law. In this context, the annual sessions of the Committee and the items on its agenda to be dealt with are particularly significant.

In this regard, the efforts of this Committee and the downright will to move forward on the part of many of the Member States, are necessary which contribute with valuable and constructive proposals that deserve to be discussed and approved for their contributions to strengthening the work of the Organization. Such is the case of the proposals made by Belarus, Ghana, Libya and Russia which are still on the table pending discussion.

Cuba supports the three new proposals put forward by the delegations of Iran, Syria and Mexico. The Cuban delegation believes that the Committee should review/address its legal foundations and propose workable recommendations to these proposals on critical issues to the performance of the organization and to the Rule of Law at the international level.

At previous meetings of this body, Cuba put forward a proposal under item "Maintenance of International Peace and Security". In that regard, we updated this working document last year, which we submitted for the consideration of member States and we have continued to work together with interested member States to improve its design.

We look forward to holding a frank and transparent discussion on this matter at the current meeting. We invite delegations to submit their considerations or suggestions. Cuba is open to making the necessary adjustments to facilitate the consensus on its proposal.

Mr. President,

The Cuban delegation also notes with satisfaction the holding of a thematic debate on the practices in the use of the Methods for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes as a means for the peaceful settlement of conflicts, in accordance with Chapter VI of the Charter of the United Nations, including, in particular, the elements contained in Article 33; a proposal made by NAM in previous sessions. This action is of unquestionable value in the current international conjuncture, characterized by serious threats to international peace and security.

In this connection, we encourage delegations to continue to contribute with their experiences this year to the development of a substantive discussion on another important method for the peaceful resolution of international disputes and conflicts: conciliation.

The contributions and materials collected during this process provide a valuable documentary database, whose publication on the Committee's website will be very useful and will contribute to the more efficient and effective use of such peaceful methods by Member States.

All these actions show the remarkable role of this Committee within the Organization, despite the continued attempts of some countries to hinder its performance. In this respect, the Cuba delegation rejects any attempt to biennialize the work of the Committee or shrink its agenda.

We hope that a constructive spirit will prevail during this meeting which will benefit progress in our work. 

Thank you very much.

(Cubaminrex-Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations)

 

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